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Planning

Resources listed on this page can be used by emergency management and public safety officials in a variety of planning efforts related to active assailant incidents. This is not an exhaustive list, but rather a general list of resources to help planners get started on planning efforts. Some resources are more targeted to a specific audience or topic, but still include best practices and general themes that would be applicable to broader audiences as well.

The AAIWG developed the following templates for basic threat assessment, the release of medical information, and authorization for coordination of care which may be customized for use by law enforcement and first responders:

Release of Medical Info Template

Basic Threat Assessment for Mass Violence Template

Coordination of Care Authorization Template

A selection of references, training resources, and videos has been compiled below to assist emergency management and public safety personnel (law enforcement, fire, EMS) with planning aspects related to an active assailant incident.

Active Shooter Awareness Guide – Access and Functional Needs

Active Shooter Awareness Guide – Access and Functional Needs
Developed by California Office of Emergency Services, this document provides guidance on planning for the unique needs of people with access and functional needs while developing active assailant plans.

Interagency Security Committee Policy and Best Practices Guide

Interagency Security Committee Policy and Best Practices Guide
While this document is geared toward federal facilities, the best practices identified for prevention, protection, mitigation, response and recovery are applicable to state and local entities as well.

FEMA Planning Considerations for Complex Coordinated Terrorist Attacks

FEMA Planning Considerations for Complex Coordinated Terrorist Attacks
Provides planning considerations specific to complex coordinated terrorist attacks to be used when developing emergency operations plans.

Office for Victims of Crime – Partnerships and Planning

https://ovc.ojp.gov/sites/g/files/xyckuh226/files/pubs/mvt-toolkit/partner-plan.html

The Office for Victims of Crime (OVC)—in coordination with the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s Office for Victim Assistance and the U.S. Department of Justice’s Office of Justice for Victims of Overseas Terrorism—developed this toolkit to help communities prepare for and respond to victims of mass violence and terrorism in the most timely, effective, and compassionate manner possible.

Department of Homeland Security – Active Shooter Emergency Action Plan Video

https://www.cisa.gov/active-shooter-emergency-action-plan-video

This video describes the fundamental concepts of developing an Emergency Action Plan (EAP) for an active shooter scenario. This instructive video guides viewers through important considerations of EAP development utilizing the first-hand perspectives of active shooter survivors, first responder personnel, and other subject matter experts who share their unique insight.

Department of Homeland Security – Active Shooter Emergency Action Plan Guide and Template

https://www.cisa.gov/publication/active-shooter-emergency-action-plan-guide

This website provides a guidance document and fillable template for developing an active shooter Emergency Action Plan (EAP). These documents are a companion to the video listed above.

The Role of Police Executives in Assisting Victims of Mass Violence: Lessons from the Field

https://www.policeforum.org/assets/AssistingVictimsMassViolence.pdf

For this report, the Police Executive Research Forum (PERF) partnered with the National Mass Violence Victimization Resource Center (NMVVRC) to identify the lessons learned by police executives who have experienced a mass violence incident in their jurisdiction. The report draws on the experiences and insights of police executives from five jurisdictions: Charleston, SC; Dayton, OH; Orlando, FL; San Bernardino, CA; and Virginia Beach, VA.

ICS Field Operations Guide for Active Assailant Incidents

ICS Field Operations Guide
Developed by the AAIWG, this Field Operations Guide (FOG) is designed to aid the initial response elements and command staff responding to an active assailant incident by providing guidance on immediate tasks and scene organization in accordance with the Incident Command System (ICS) and the National Incident Management System (NIMS).