Colleges, Universities and Community Colleges
Maintaining a safe academic environment across multiple buildings and outdoor venues across a college campus presents unique challenges. To assist universities, colleges, and community colleges with understanding how to prevent, prepare for, and respond to an active assailant incident, the AAIWG compiled a list of resources and tools to help develop effective risk management and prevention and intervention strategies. These materials are provided as reference only, and not meant to suggest a preference or endorsement. The AAIWG encourages institutions of higher education to use these resources as a starting point in analyzing campus safety and developing or enhancing policies and procedures to fit the needs of individual campuses.
This journal article from the University Risk Management and Insurance Association (2011) covers the legal duty of care and threat assessment processes and procedures.
The Civilian Response to Active Shooter Events (CRASE) course, designed and built on the Avoid, Deny, Defend (ADD) strategy developed by ALERRT in 2004, provides strategies, guidance, and a proven plan for surviving an active shooter event.
This document is offered as a guide that addresses the importance of preventative and protective measures to stop an emergency from occurring or to reduce the impact of an incident. It emphasizes the nuances of creating effective plans for Institutions of Higher Education.
This exercise toolkit was developed with data obtained from the United States Secret Service (USSS), the U.S. Department of Education, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) when they examined the issues of violence at institutions of higher education (IHE) following the 2007 Virginia Tech shooting. The toolkit is designed to provide a simple step-by-step guide, as well as other ready-made resources, to make planning and conducting an exercise straightforward and virtually cost-free. Some protocols and laws referenced may differ.
This video was created as a public safety announcement by the Towson University Police Department and the Office of Public Safety. It highlights the Avoid, Deny, Defend (ADD) strategy and provides additional tips and strategies unique to a campus setting.
This video created by the Sandy Hook Promise presents a scenario that creates thought provoking insight into signs of a possible active assailant in a school environment but can be as relevant in other locations. Sandy Hook Promise is a nonprofit organization formed in Newtown, CT, following the Sandy Hook Elementary School shootings. The organization aims to stop gun violence and emphasizes knowing the signs that can lead to violence.
One of the best ways to increase a person’s likelihood of survival when severely injured during active assailant incident is to quickly stop severe bleeding. Coworkers can provide initial life-saving measures. The Stop the Bleed® site provides resources on how to organize an in-person training, life-saving strategies and posters, instructional videos, and aid kits to place in common areas.
Training video and web-based training course created because life-threatening emergencies can happen fast, and emergency responders aren’t always nearby. These injuries can require immediate action to prevent an injured person from dying, so those nearest to someone are best positioned to provide first care.